Background: Stroke titlists have treated anxiety as a homogenous condition, and intervention studies have followed suit, neglecting the different treatment approaches for phobic and generalized anxiety. The present study was conducted to evaluate anxiety and depression following stroke.
Materials and Methods: 184 patients of stroke of both genders were included. Variables such as type of stroke, underlying disease, stroke onset date were recorded.
Results: Out of 184 patients, males were 82 and females were 102. The mean length of stay was 28.1 days, type of stroke was infarct in 110 and haemorrhagic in 72, comorbid diseases seen were diabetes in 56, hypertension in 124, dyslipidemia in 112 and previous stroke in 42, smoking was present in 64, alcoholism in 80, weakness side was right in 44, left in 80 and bilateral in 60. Common risk factors for anxiety and depression in patients with stroke was hypertension (0.49), dyslipidemia (0.51), infarction (2.35), smoking (0.31) and female gender (1.82). The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Anxiety and depression are common after stroke. Common risk factors were female gender, hypertension, dyslipidemia, infarction and smoking